Taking Earth’s Temperature: Delving into Climate’s Past
is a gripping one-hour documentary that showcases scientific
discoveries about climate change. Its central message is that we can’t
know where we’re going until we know where we’ve been.
Like detectives, scientists explore clues in lake sediments, coral reefs, deep caves, tree rings, and glaciers. The filmmakers follow one field expedition to Alaska, travel to laboratories where the research data are generated and then integrated into a global network, and interview scientists who work with predictive models to understand what past climate changes might mean for Earth’s climate future.
Some of these scientists travel to remote areas to retrieve ancient records—often braving extreme weather conditions. Taking Earth’s Temperature
shows the lengths to which scientists will go to pursue their passion
for understanding Earth’s climate. It follows a field expedition into
the Arctic, where researchers augur through lake ice during a blizzard
to collect sediment cores from the lake bottom.
The film also takes us to research laboratories in Europe and the United States where these and other hard-won samples are analyzed, using the latest scientific techniques. The results are then integrated into a global network to clarify large-scale climate changes.
By understanding natural climate variations, scientists can place recent climate changes in perspective, and they can test and improve predictive climate models that help us understand what may be in store for us in years to come.
The education resources are appropriate for high school and early college level students. Their relation to commonly used science education standards is specified.
“Key Concepts” is a synopsis of the primary take-home points from the movie, and provides additional information about the topic.
includes 20 questions to help students understand the main points as
they watch the film, or following the film as part of a class
is a collaborative group activity focusing on proxy climate records and
taking advantage of existing high-quality information on the web.
This list of frequently asked questions (e.g. Why study climates of the
past?, Why is it important to study climate change in the Arctic?) can
provide background information to the instructor to help them field
questions from their students.
This list of questions, in order of the video, can be used to direct
viewers attention through the movie. It follows the main topics as they
are presented in the documentary. Teacher’s can discuss the questions
and possible answers with their students as they go through the movie,
or they can be used as a springboard for class discussions. You can also
use as a worksheet for students to reflect on while watching the
documentary. Suggested answers are included.
Grade level: High school and early college
Topics: Past climate changes; proxy records; climate forcing
Time: The movie lasts 55 minutes but it can be stopped for discussion
Climate Literacy Benchmark:
Principle 4d, “Scientific observations indicate that global climate has
changed in the past, is changing now, and will change in the future.
The magnitude and direction of this change is not the same at all
locations on Earth.”
Summary: In this lesson, students work in small groups to research different types of proxy climate records. After, they present their findings to the class. Links to online reference material are provided in the lesson. Students complete a table that lists information about their specific proxy type and share their summary with the class. All students complete the full table using information from the presentations by other groups so they can compare and discuss the different proxy types.
Background information: Paleoclimatologists use many techniques to study past climate. They collect and analyze proxy climate indicators that can extend back thousands of years. Proxy records can indicate temperature or precipitation conditions from long ago. Instrumental records of climate based on actual temperature and precipitation measurements only began in the 1880’s. Therefore, proxy climate indicators are critical to determine past climatic conditions. This documentary presents the basic principles used to reconstruct climate based on the proxy records in lake sediment, trees, glacier ice, stalagmites, corals, pollen, biological molecules, and historical documents.
Grade level: High school and early college
Topics: Past climate changes; proxy records
Time: Approximately 3-4 class periods
Student learning objectives: Understand some methods paleoclimatologists use to determine past climate conditions.
Materials needed: Each group needs access to a computer or tablet for internet resources.